Marxism compared to Functionalism
As a sociological discipline, functionalism is counterposed to Marxism. However it shares with Marxism the importance of ‘totality' as well as the corresponding watch that scientific inquiry is located upon the interdependence of parts in a whole. It is crucial to distinguish so why the Marxian use of the totality differs significantly by functionalist systems. Primarily this requires the Marxian emphasis on the contradictory character of the entire and the treatment of the cultural totality in the perspective of its conflicts. Functionalism in comparison views culture generally like a stable program and looks to get the components that give that harmony – it thus seeks to reduce conflict into a residual component of the system, or perhaps view turmoil from the point of view of the maintenance of the social system. Marxism begun by Karl Marx. Marx saw society as divided into two major parts, the economic base otherwise referred to as infrastructure plus the super-structure. Functionalists see contemporary society as a group of parts which usually work together to form a whole. Functionalism is also known as consensus theory. Marxism and functionalism are very similar in that they see that how society is structured because an important component in identifying the way individuals have relationships and behave among themselves. This can be known as structural perspective. The two functionalists and Marxists believe that people are pictured as animal within the sociable system. Functionalists believe that society operates to the benefit of everyone. They anxiety that societies continue to exist because a lot of time there is opinion between different aspects.